ATP Full Form | What Does ATP Stand For?

ATP: Adenosine Triphosphate

ATP Full Form

ATP Full Form

ATP full form stands for Adenosine Triphosphate. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is an organic compound and hydrotropes that provides energy for many processes in living cells, such as muscle contraction, diffusion of nerve impulses, condensation, and chemical synthesis.

Found in all known forms of life, ATP is often referred to as the “molecular unit of currency” of intracellular energy transfer. When eaten in the metabolic process, it is converted into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or adenosine monophosphate (AMP).

Brief History

  • ATP was discovered in 1929 by Karl Lohman and Jenderassek, and independently, Cyrus Fiske and Elapargada Sabba Rao of Harvard Medical School.
  • It was proposed by Fritz Albert Lipman in 1941 to generate energy and required energy in cells.
  • It was first synthesized in a laboratory in 1948 by Alexander Todd.

Brief Explanation

From a biochemistry point of view, ATP is classified as a nucleoside triphosphate, indicating that it consists of three components: a nitrogen base (adenine), sugar ribose, and triphosphate.

Other processes revive ATP so that the human body recirculates ATP every day equal to its body weight. It is also a precursor to DNA and RNA and is used as a coenzyme.

Structure

ATP full form (Adenosine Triphosphate) contains adenine that binds 1 attached carbon atom (ribose) of sugar through 9 nitrogen atoms, resulting in a 5 ‘carbon atom fused to the triphosphate group. In metabolic reactions, adenine and sugar groups do not change, but triphosphate is converted into dye and monophosphate.

The three phosphoryl groups are known as alpha (α), beta (,) and, terminal phosphate, gamma (gam). In neutral solutions, ionized ATP exists mostly as ATP4 with a small proportion of ATP3.

Production

ATP can be produced by many different cellular processes. There are three main pathways in eukaryotes: (1) glycolysis, (2) citric acid cycle / oxidative phosphorylation, and (3) beta-oxidation, the total process of oxidizing glucose in carbon dioxide.

As it is known, each molecule of glucose produces about 30 equivalent ATP. Non-photosynthetic aerobic eukaryotes mainly produce ATP in mitochondria, making up about 25% of normal cell volume.

What Is The Full Form Of ATP?

ATP full form stands for Adenosine Triphosphate. It is an organic compound and hydrotropes that provides energy for many processes in living cells, such as muscle contraction, diffusion of nerve impulses, condensation, and chemical synthesis. It is also a precursor to DNA and RNA and is used as a coenzyme.

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