PIL Full Form | What Does PIL Stand For?

PIL: Public Interest Litigation

PIL Full Form

PIL full form stands for Public Interest Litigation. It refers to litigation initiated for the delivery of justice in the public interest and in the pursuit of socially disadvantaged parties and justice.

PIL is the rule of law whose record is declared by the courts. However, filing the petition must prove to the court’s satisfaction that the petition works in the public interest and is not a small case brought for financial gain.

Brief Explanation

In December 1979, Kapila Hungarani filed a petition for the status of prisoners in Bihar Jail, the case of which was pending in the court. The case was filed before a bench headed by Bhagwati in the Supreme Court of India.

The petition was filed in the name of a prisoner Hasina Khatun, and for this reason, the case was named Hasinaara Khatun v. the State of Bihar. The Supreme Court ruled that prisoners should receive free legal aid and a speedy trial.

As a result, 40,000 prisoners were released from prison. Since then, many similar cases have been filed in the Supreme Court. In the case of SP Gupta v. Union of India, the Supreme Court of India had defined the term PIL full form of “public interest litigation” in the Indian context.


  • Public interest litigation provides a comprehensive explanation of the right to equality, life, and personality, guaranteed under Part III of the Constitution of India.
  • It also serves as an effective tool for change in society or social well-being.
  • Through public interest litigation, any public or individual can take action on behalf of the oppressed class by submitting a PIL.

What Is The Full Form Of PIL?

PIL full form stands for Public Interest Litigation. The concept of PIL is consistent with the principles enshrined in Article 39A of the Constitution of India, which protects and provides speedy social justice with the help of law.

Next Topic: POC Full Form

Leave a Comment