PCR: Polymerase Chain Reaction
PCR Full Form
PCR full form stands for Polymerase Chain Reaction. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a widely used method that can quickly create millions of copies of a specific DNA sample, allowing scientists to take a small sample of DNA. Requires and allows him to read enough to study in detail.
It is fundamental to many genetic tests, including the analysis of ancient DNA samples and the identification of infectious agents. Using PCR, very small amounts of DNA sequencing copies have grown rapidly in a series of temperature change cycles. PCR full form (Polymerase chain reaction) is now a common and often indispensable technique used for a variety of uses in medical laboratory research, including biomedical research and criminal forensics.
- A 1971 article in the Journal of Annual Biology first described how to use an enzymatic test to replicate a small DNA template with primers in vitro.
- The technique of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was invented by Carrie Banks Mills, an American biochemist at Emerys Corporation in California in 1983 and patented in 1984.
- Mills was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1993 for his invention, seven years after he and his colleagues proposed his first exercise.
Importance Of PCR
- PCR is widely used in the fields of DNA fingerprinting, DNA sequencing, forensics, and diagnostics. Hereditary diseases too.
- PCR allows for faster and cheaper propagation of DNA fragments because of its ability to produce large amounts of DNA from small amounts of nucleic acids. PCR can also be called molecular photocopy.
- This is a relatively quick and effective way to detect nucleic acid fragments.
- Biological DNA is usually scarce. Molecular and genetic analysis requires a large number of DNA samples that are possible through PCR. Similarly, it is used to amplify DNA samples obtained from the test site.
What Is The Full Form Of PCR?
PCR full form stands for Polymerase Chain Reaction. This is a genetic technique that occurs in vitro that allows rapid expansion of the DNA into the target area. This technique allowed scientists to make millions of copies of specific DNA samples. This technique uses the capability of DNA polymerase to synthesize a new DNA strand to complete the template strand.
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