CNG: Compressed Natural Gas
CNG Full Form
CNG full form stands for Compressed Natural Gas. CNG is a fuel that can be used in place of gasoline (diesel), diesel fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). CNG combustion produces less unwanted gases than these fuels. CNG is made from natural gas, consisting mainly of methane (CH4), which is less than 1% of the volume at standard atmospheric pressure.
It is typically stored and distributed in rigid containers in cylindrical or spherical shapes at a pressure of 20–25 MPa (2,900–3,600 psi). Compared to other fuels, natural gas has a lower risk of spillage, as it is lighter than air and spreads faster upon release.
The volume energy density of CNG full form (Compressed Natural Gas) is estimated at 42% of that of natural gas, which is why it is not a liquid and contains 25% of diesel fuel.
In response to fuel prices and environmental concerns, CNG has also been used in auto-rickshaws, pickup trucks, transit, and school buses and trains.
The cost of fuel storage containers and space is the biggest obstacle to the rapid adoption of CNG as a fuel. This is why the municipal government, public transport vehicles seemed to be their early adopters, as they could pay more quickly for new fuel.
Despite these conditions, the number of CNG-powered vehicles in the world has increased steadily (30% per year). Now, as a result of the steady growth of the industry, the cost of such fuel storage cylinders has reached a more acceptable level.
- It is cheaper than other options. Gasoline and diesel drove buses, cars, and other automobiles.
- CNG-driven vehicles are cheaper than petrol and diesel vehicles.
- This extends the life of lubricating oils as it does not contaminate and weaken the crankcase.
- It is more environmentally friendly because it emits less unwanted and harmful gases than other alternatives, diesel, and petrol.
What Is The Full Form Of CNG?
CNG full form stands for Compressed Natural Gas. CNG is a fuel that can be used in place of gasoline (diesel), diesel fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). CNG is used in conventional gasoline / internal combustion engines that are used in automobiles or in vehicles manufactured specifically for CNG use: either single (dedicated), separate gasoline for exceeding the limit.
Next Topic: DDT Full Form